Everything You Need to Know About Conjunctivitis

Have you noticed swelling, redness, pain, or itching in your eye? There’s a high chance that you have an eye infection. The nice thing though is that it is easy to spot an eye infection and seek treatment. With conjunctivitis being one of the most common eye infections, find out below the causes and treatment options for this eye disease.

What is Conjunctivitis?

Conjunctivitis occurs when bacteria or viruses attack the blood vessels in your conjunctiva (outermost membrane of the eyeball). Exposure to chemicals, such as chlorine in pools, and allergies can also cause conjunctiva. This is an extremely contagious disease and can spread several weeks after the initial infection. Infectious conjunctiva is also called pink eye because the infection results in inflamed, pink, or red eyes.

Symptoms of Conjunctivitis

Be certain to watch out for the following signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis:

  • Itchiness in the eyes.
  • Pinkish or reddish tint in the eye.
  • Watery discharge from the eyes, especially thickest after waking up.
  • Discharge more tears than normal in one eye.

These symptoms might also indicate that you have endophthalmitis, blepharitis, keratitis, or other eye infections.

Treatment for Conjunctivitis

If left untreated, conjunctivitis can lead to blurred vision, continuous discharge of fluid from one or both eyes, or even total blindness. So make sure that you go for Eye Tests as soon you notice any of the symptoms. Treatment depends on the cause of the infection. Oral antibiotic medications or eye drops can help counter bacterial infections and help alleviate the symptoms in a few days. Over the counter antihistamines work just well for conjunctivitis that is related to allergic reactions. There is no known medication for viral conjunctivitis. However, be sure to avoid contact, wash your hands frequently, and softly bloat your eyelids with a clean, warm, wet sponge to ease discomfort.

Again, the infection spreads easily, and you should protect yourself or others if you notice any of the symptoms.